WHAT ARE SDGs?
On 1 January 2016, the 17 sets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by world leaders at the historic September (25-7-2015) United Nations summit officially came into implementation stage. These universal goals are to be realized over the next 15 years.
All countries are to direct all their efforts to end all forms of poverty, inequalities, environment degradation, economic growth, education and health.
The SDGs are a succession of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) . For the goals to come into fruition, everyone’s involvement is crucial i.e governments, the private sector, civil society and people like you. Though SDGs are not legally binding, governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals.
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives
3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality
5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure and sustainable industrialization9.1 Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns12.1 Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change
13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development
16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children